Friday, 21 October 2016


I’ve not posted since April because of my current work (ICT project for government). When more is available I’ll announce it here. Let’s just say it’s probably the biggest ICT initiative in government, and private sector, in this country. 

Tuesday, 26 April 2016

linguistic distance and archaelogy

I reckon if you take Grimm’s law (changes between sounds) and numbers of vowel shifts, and calibrate this against distance moved between the exemplar tribes, using some basic vocabulary like numbers, family members, words for body parts, etc., you can apply the resulting measures of linguistic distance to geography, and then go digging to find artefacts.

Saturday, 26 March 2016

how to clean silver

Step 1. Take piece of aluminium foil, or aluminium pot.

Step 2. Place tarnished silver in pot or foil in direct contact.

Step 3. Add baking soda or baking powder (sodium bicarb)

Step 4. Add boiling water or bring to the boil.

Step 5. Wait about 10-30 minutes (keep checking the object)

Step 6. Voila. Clean.

How does it work? The sulphur in the air reacts with the silver, tarnishing it. When you use bicarb and hot water, it forms an electrochemical cell (like in a car battery) and transfers the sulphur to the aluminium. After the reaction you will notice a sulphur smell if you sniff the aluminium foil.

1. Tarnish: 2 Ag(s) + H2S(g) → Ag2S(s) + H2(g)

2. Polishing: 3 Ag2S(s) + 2 Al(s) → 6 Ag(s) + Al2S3(s)

Polishing silver